> Wuzhishan Hainan History, Tourism development in Wuzhishan Mountain Hainan

History & Tourism development in Wuzhishan/Five Finger Mountain Hainan Island


Wuzhishan was the center of Hainan Island for a long time, not only in a geographical sense. In 1949, the first Communist party base was set up in Wuzhishan with Wang Guo Xing as the leader of the Li people and as the general director of the Party on Hainan. In 1955, the first local government of Hainan Island was set up in Wuzhishan and Wuzhishan became the capital of Hainan Island. The capital Ha moved to Haikou in 1988 when Hainan Island was part of Guangdong Province, not directly under the control of Central Government. In 1988, the Central Government set up the largest special economic zone at the time. It was Hainan Island with Haikou as its capital, then coming under the direct control of the Central Government, thus becoming a separate Province of the People’s Republic of China.

Wuzhishan is located in the centre of Hainan Island. Road transportation is the only way to get to Wuzhishan for the moment as there is no airport in the City. There have been discussion building a new airport in Wuzhishan, but so far no progress has been made.
Tourism developed rapidly since 1988. Before the full operation of Sanya Airport, all groups arrived and departed from Haikou Airport. The regular tour groups that went through Hainan would spend 4 nights on Hainan Island, one night in Xinglong , one night in Sanya,one night in Tongza (Wuzhishan) and the last night in of course being in the Capital City Haikou. This was necessary as the only road from the north to the south went down the centre of the island. The major expressways down the east and west coast were not completed at that time. 1988-1998 was the golden time for Tongzha tourism. Wuzhishan was a must during the 4 nights on Hainan Island. There were more than 10 big hotels in Tongza (Wuzhishan), not to mention all the small budget hotels.
Sanya Airport opened in 1995 with the first few flights to Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and Shenzhen. Then the local travel agencies designed new schedules which skipped Tongza as it took almost 6 hours to travel from Tongza to Haikou. The road winds through the mountains, it used to be a very hard drive. Most of the groups just visited Haikou, Xinglong and Sanya. Wuzhishan suffered lots of monetary loss due to the new Highway and most of the hotels were closed in 1998.
Now trips to Wuzhishan are getting popular again. With the increasing pollution in the big cities, it is hard to find a real natural, quite and clean place like Wuzhishan, Tourism is growing again!
Caddie Lu has visited Wuzhishan many times. She loves this place and in her opinion it is a pure clean, quiet place with the local population being very friendly. Sanya is getting very commercial and more international with direct flights from Moscow, UK, South Korea & Japan….She is trying her best to promote Wuzhishan area as a new destination for a different type of holiday experience than Sanya or the rest of Hainan Island.

Why a visit to the Wuzhishan Mountain is a must for those who are interested in eco-trips, local minority culture?

To experience a real tropical rainforest in China
To visit one of the last few natural "Li and Miao" Villages that is not Tourist based!
To experience exciting River Rafting on Hainan Island
To stay in a place where you don’t hear traffic, only bird’s singing and water falls.
To taste real & authentic local Hainan food (not from a factory)


More on Wuzhishan Hainan Travel Guide:

Get into Wuzhishan from Haikou & Sanya

Wuzhishan Hainan Climate

Where to stay in Wuzhishan: hotels in Wuzhishan & Shuiman Hainan

Things to do in Wuzhishan: Hiking, Trekking, River rafting or just strolling

Travel Schedule for Wuzhishan Hainan Trip: How long should I stay in Wuzihsan Hainan

Wuzhishan Hainan Travel Guide

Wuzhishan Mountain Legendary/Story

History & Tourism development in Wuzhishan Hainan